DCAF – Geneva Centre for Security Sector Governance has developed a Measuring Opportunities for Women in Peace Operations (MOWIP) Methodology. The DCAF MOWIP methodology is available on the DCAF webpage in English, Spanish and French. The methodology is designed to assess the degree to which each country and institution is affected by each of ten issue areas to women’s participation in peace operations.The main research questions the DCAF MOWIP Barrier Assessment methodology is seeking to understand are:
- What are the main barriers to women’s participation in UN peace operations?
- Are these challenges unique to women?
- Are these challenges unique to a country context?
- What are the experiences of men and women with respect to UN peace operations?
- What are concrete recommendations to reduce barriers to women’s participation in UN peace operations?
- seeks to assess the degree to which each country is affected by each barrier. While these barriers affect the deployment of female personnel overall, each country and institution may be affected by individual barriers to different degrees
- allows each country to develop indicators to measure each barrier within a country context; it allows for comparisons across barriers to determine which barriers are most significant for that country; and it helps identify which challenges are unique to women and which challenges are shared by women and men
- is used to identify evidence-based good practices that could potentially be replicated by other institutions, both in the same country and in other Troop and Police Contributing Countries (T/PCC)
- is also used to identify where the greatest amount of change should be made based on where the major barriers are for the specific country. Hence, it will help countries identify and take ownership of a country specific strategy that supports their institution’s longer-term strategic planning, and where to allocate resources efficiently to achieve short-term improvements, as well as structural or organizational initiatives that lead to sustainable change and an increase in women’s participation in peace operations.
- an institutional fact-finding form: a pre-designed 200 question template used by the assessment team to gather basic institutional / country facts about each of the 10 barriers
- a set of key decision-makers interviews: conducted with key government and peacekeeping decision-makers who make decisions about peace operation deployments. Information gained from these interviews informs the fact-finding form
- a representative survey: an hour-long survey, tailored to the particular institution’s context including the use of institutional language and terminology, conducted with 380 (190 men and 190 women) of the country’s gendarmerie, military or police institution, used to collect data on individual perceptions and experiences of the barriers and of UN peace operation deployments. The survey data is anonymized and de-identified by the research institution.
MOWIP Barrier AssessmentReports. The security institution is involved through a participatory process, in the validation of the findings and recommendations of the assessment before the reporting is finalized. This process ensures institutional legitimacy and ownership of the information. Two reports are produced:
- a confidential detailed report is provided to the institution by the organization contracted to complete the study. This detailed, inwards facing report is only provided to the institution. It includes a range of recommendations for the organization to consider, and importantly, all information is held on secure servers. This report contains anonymized data to enable respondents to provide frank and honest responses
- a public report with all sensitive and classified information removed. This report is only released following the assessed security institution’s approval. The security institution has full authority to decide on the information to be included in this public report. It would highlight the importance of barriers / measuring women’s participation in peace operations from a country context and provide evidence-based recommendations for policy and programmatic actions to overcome these barriers. This report would be publicly available; it would also contribute to the global conversation on increasing the representation of uniformed women in UN peace operations – one of the impacts the Elsie Initiative Fund aims to inform.